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karagandy

 

Kazakhstan

karagandy

Karagandy Region is a province of Kazakhstan. Its capital is Karaganda city. According to 2013 census, the population of this province is 1,363,638, while Karaganda’s population numbers up to 459,778 (2010). The region was the site of intense coal mining during the Soviet Union are and also have been the site of several gulag forced labour camps. Following World War II, Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union, had many ethnic Germans deported to the area.


With an area of 428,000 km2, Karagandy is the largest province of Kazakhstan. Although it doesn't touch the borders of any country, it touches nearly every other province. They are: Aktobe Province to the West; Kostanay Province to the Northwest; Akmola Province to the North; Pavlodar Province to the Northeast; East Kazakhstan Province to the East; Almaty Province to the Southeast; Jambyl Province and South Kazakhstan Province to the South; and Kyzylorda Province to the Southwest.


The area is arid and flat, given to plains with occasional hills and seasonal streams. Karkaraly National Park, covering 90,300 hectares, is located in the province, as well as Kyzylarai mountain oasis, famous for its natural beauty and historical sights. The Ishim (Esil) River, a tributary of the Irtysh River, begins in Karagandy Province; the Nura is the region's other major river. Both rivers are replenished with water from the Irtysh, supplied by the 451 km long Irtysh–Karaganda Canal.